private-sector security managers should, U.S. citizens in Venezuela in need While opposition protests are highly likely to continue for some time, they will remain relatively small in scale and easily controlled by the armed forces. Popular tourist attractions, such as the Avila National Park in Caracas, are associated with violent crime. Traveler's Enrollment Program (STEP). The Bolivarian National Police (PNB) answers to the Ministry of Interior, Justice, and Peace, and is responsible for general crime prevention and patrolling around government buildings and diplomatic facilities. According to a report by risk consultancy G4S, the International Monetary Fund predicted an inflation rate of 1,640 percent in 2017 for Venezuela. The constitution prohibits discrimination based on “sex or social condition,” but it does not explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. and sympathizers were all present in Venezuela, U.S. citizens in country are medical conditions will require medevac to the United States. Corruption, inadequate police training The State Department recently added a. Be aware of criminal attacks in tunnels, and avoid obstacles in the road. The government plans to increase the size of the PNB so that it can operate across the country, but there is no clear timeline for the proposed expansion. If you are the victim of a crime, Use extreme caution and avoid large gatherings and demonstrations wherever they occur. or the United States Government, except as otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public statements). Copyright piracy and trademark counterfeiting remain widespread, however, including piracy over the Internet. Pirated software, music, and movies are readily available throughout the country. All travelers should check the Please note that all OSAC products are for internal U.S. private sector security purposes only. In Baruta municipality: Las Minas, Santa Cruz del Traveler's Enrollment Program (STEP). Use only those located in well-lighted, public places. northern coast of Venezuela on August 21, 2018. There are many U.S.-trained and/or English-speaking physicians available in Venezuela. The law requires that all newly constructed or renovated public parks and buildings provide access, but persons with disabilities have minimal access to public transportation, and ramps are almost nonexistent. For Venezuela murder/homicide rate for 2014 was 61.90, a 15.06% increase from 2012. Find contact information for available medical services and available air ambulance services on. For A single vaccination is now sufficient to confer sustained life-long immunity against the disease; administer it at least ten days in advance of travel for full effect. teeth. publication assesses Venezuela at Level 4, indicating travelers should not Venezuela does not have national standards for accessibility. left-wing ideology based on the personality of former President Hugo Chavez; it Watch List in the U.S. Trade Representative’s 2018 Special 301 Report. Unfortunately, their staffs often do not speak English. Travel in groups of five or more, and provide family or friends with your itineraries prior to departure. control measures have also deteriorated, and malaria cases have returned to Use bottled water for drinking and brushing accommodations for those with disabilities. For this reason, be wary of all strangers, even those who represent The Internet. continued prominence of pro-government gang-militias known as colectivos. In Caracas, the occasional unscheduled march through a busy thoroughfare causes major traffic disruptions and can bring traffic to a near standstill. intelligence and counterintelligence agency. . The Embassy has previously received credible Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. U.S. direct-hire employees to travel to and from the airport in an armored The situation in Venezuela looks set to worsen in the year to come. Both arriving and departing travelers are sometimes victims of personal registration paperwork, along with proof of insurance and an identity document The capital city tops lists for numbers of homicides. Consider the typhoid fever vaccine, administered via injection (in one dose) or orally (four doses). The document was compiled from various extrajudicial actions of the police coincide with an increase in the lethality Public transportation workers often are unwilling to transport persons with physical disabilities, forcing them to find taxis, which were often out of their financial reach and frequently not equipped to support patrons with disabilities. LGBTI events in Venezuela. Mike, I just returned from Magarita Island last week. Government critics remain Venezuela requires a yellow fever vaccination certificate for travelers arriving from Brazil. Private travelers should prearrange airport pickup or drop-off with reputable companies. (Why the earlier statistics between Chile and Venezuela vary so wildly, given that they were both Spanish colonies with presumably similar backgrounds, is a matter for another blog post.) How Hunger Fuels Crime and Violence in Venezuela By Ciara Nugent | Photographs by Ignacio Marin October 23, 2018 10:41 AM EDT prevalent. Most kidnapping incidents occur in Caracas. The U.S. Embassy in Caracas A lack of adequate resources for the In Baruta municipality: Las Minas, Santa Cruz del Este, Ojo de Agua, La Naya, and Las Minitas. Strongly consider supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation (medevac). Between the 1960s until the late-1980s, the murder rate stood between 8 and 10 homicide… In recent elections, media outlets be in danger. reports that individuals in official uniforms or bearing realistic (or real) the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation. The Public Ministry’s Women’s Defense Department employs a team of lawyers, psychiatrists, and other experts who deal exclusively with cases of femicide, gender-related violence, and other crimes against women. Other problems include the politicization of many government institutions, and an increasing criminalization of institutions, as bureaucrats demand bribes in foreign currency for performing basic services. The business climate has deteriorated, and foreign organizations continue to downsize or leave. Private clinics/hospitals are the only recommended facilities. Tap water in Venezuela is not potable. private-sector security managers should contact OSAC’s Latin America team Bridges occasionally collapse, and roads sometimes crumble or wash away, creating major traffic disturbances in the affected region. employees travel in an armored vehicle to and from Maiquetía “Simón Bolívar” Health Guidance. more favorable than the official exchange rates. its share of industrial and transportation-related accidents. Unions have also become increasingly involved in the theft of raw material and equipment inside companies. mosquito borne diseases such as chikungunya, dengue, and Zika virus are highly suffers from years of neglect and is deteriorating across the country. The U.S. Department of State has assessed Caracas as being a CRITICAL-threat location for political violence directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests. Unfortunately, their staffs Interested private-sector security managers should contact OSAC’s. Because of a shortage of personnel, limited budget, and inadequate Picture Due provides support for drug investigations and anti-drug operations while also I was there for 10 days. Groups not affiliated with the FARC or ELN also engage in drug trafficking and other illicit activities. In the western part of Libertador municipality: El Retiro, 23 de Enero, Blandin, La Vega, La Rinconada, Las Mayas, Tazon, Oropeza Castillo, Lomas de Urdaneta, Propatria, Casalta, Lomas de Propatria, Carapita, Antimano, Tacagua, Ruiz Pineda, Caricuao, La Quebradita, El Atlantico, Sarria, La Candelaria, San Martin. Public transportation workers often are unwilling to transport persons with physical disabilities, forcing them to find taxis, which were often out of their financial reach and frequently not equipped to support patrons with disabilities. or call 1-888-407-4747 (from the U.S. & Canada) or +1-202-501-4444 (from “La reputable companies. drink only bottled water, avoid undercooked foods, wash hands regularly, etc.). In the past, the Venezuelan government’s tax authority (SENIAT) has been more successful at enforcing IPR laws. which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC Significant attacks or acts of vandalism for political reasons affecting private-sector assets and government-owned infrastructure will continue to be rare. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issued a tsunami warning for a radius of 300 kilometers around the epicenter of the quake, but none materialized. One major area of concern is the continued prominence of pro-government gang-militias known as colectivos. The figure marked an uptick from the group’s estimate for the year prior, which stood at 79 per 100,000. Criminals target ATMs to rob people making withdrawals. Transit to and from the Maiquetía Call a 24-hour radio-dispatched taxi service from a public phone or ask hotel, restaurant, or airline staff to contact a licensed taxi company. Spanish word in Venezuela for motorcyclist. ) Other problems include the politicization of many government institutions, and an increasing criminalization of institutions, as bureaucrats demand bribes in foreign currency for performing basic services. It also serves as Venezuela’s representative to INTERPOL. In Venezuela, it is illegal to take pictures of sensitive buildings, including the presidential palace, military bases, government buildings, and airports. Mosquito control measures have also deteriorated, and malaria cases have returned to areas that had not had cases for many years. Este, Ojo de Agua, La Naya, and Las Minitas. Bridges place inside the terminal where you can safely connect with the driver. kidnapping in Venezuela, especially in the border region between Venezuela and Corruption takes many forms, from motorists bribing traffic police to allegations of bribes and kickbacks in the allocation of government contracts. There is also evidence of involvement in Kidnapping-for-ransom levels began to rise in Venezuela after the fall in oil prices in 2014 with the onset of the financial crisis. crime, especially at night, and in the poorer areas of the city. Private travelers should prearrange airport pickup or drop-off with There are sporadic reports of violence against Venezuela’s small indigenous population. In the context of spiraling inflation, kidnappers will primarily target wealthy local nationals and expatriates with access to foreign currency. serious concern. registration paperwork, along with proof of insurance and an identity document Venezuela regularly ranks in international studies as one of the most corrupt countries in Latin America, and the world. Since the termination of peace talks between the ELN and the Colombian government, the ELN and other guerrilla groups will likely continue to engage in kidnap for ransom. outside of Caracas the PNB currently only operates in a few cities across six Antimano, Tacagua, Ruiz Pineda, Caricuao, La Quebradita, El Atlantico, Sarria, Venezuela - Crime With a murder rate of 130 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, Caracas is generally considered the most dangerous city in Latin America, if … The state of Miranda had the highest number of protests (1,355) in 2019. storage facilities for seized goods, COMANPI has had to work with the or consular services to U.S. citizens in Venezuela. In 2019, Venezuela experienced a marked increase in civil unrest and spontaneous protests because of the lack of food and/or basic services, including the lack of electricity/public transportation, poor working conditions, and increased criminality. Stopping at checkpoints is mandatory; prepare to show vehicle registration paperwork, along with proof of insurance and an identity document (cedula or passport). Criminal activity at CCS is significant. expressed a willingness to use weapons to “defend Chavismo,” a radical There are reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious affiliation, belief, or practice, including anti-Semitism. nine months of age. The U.S. Department of State has assessed Caracas as being a MEDIUM-threat location for terrorism directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests. They are armed and have U.S. citizens in Venezuela in need of assistance, or those concerned about a U.S. citizen in Venezuela, should email ACSBogota@state.gov or VenezuelaEmergencyUSC@state.gov; or call 1-888-407-4747 (from the U.S. & Canada) or +1-202-501-4444 (from Overseas). in Venezuela in general, and particularly in Caracas. assessment page. In the Eastern part of Sucre municipality: Barrio Piritu, Barrio La Rubia, Barrio Altavista, Petare, Caucaguita, La Dolorita, Paulo Sexto, and El Llanito. However, various antimalarial prophylactics are available by prescription and can reduce risk of infection by up to 90%. Find contact information for available medical services and available air ambulance services on the Embassy’s Medical Assistance page. Venezuela's high crime rates have been attributed to corruption among Venezuelan … Oil output remains near historic lows, and very little foreign trade is available for companies to produce or import goods, leading to limited availability of food and consumer staples, as well as high prices for the goods that are available. environment that has allowed for support of activities that benefited known Review OSAC’s reports, The Overseas Traveler’s Guide to ATM Skimmers & Fraud, Best Practices for Maximizing Security on Public Wi-Fi, Traveling with Mobile Devices: Trends & Best Practices. For all these reasons, the Embassy required its U.S. direct-hire employees to travel to and from the airport in an armored vehicle. Serious Seeing In the 1950s, the rapid urbanization of the population saw some rises in violent crime. inflation and an inability to secure foreign currency in order to import goods. protests because of the lack of food and/or basic services, including the lack Venezuela Community law prior to Venezuela’s withdrawal from the Andean Community; and Officers from local police or Bolivarian National Guard (GNB) generally staff the checkpoints. they occur, roadways can close for significant periods for cleanup activity. These gangs (e.g. Immunization levels recently added a kidnapping risk indicator to Venezuela’s Travel Advisory. Political, diplomatic facilities. traffic law mandates that individuals involved in a traffic accident not move Drug trafficking is a serious problem in Venezuela, and Venezuelan authorities treat it as such. Venezuelan authorities have reported violence in the overwhelmingly Roman Catholic country; however, there are In 2020, anti-corruption watchdog Transparency International rated Venezuela 173rd out of 180 countries in its Corruption Perception Index, rating Venezuela less corrupt thank only Yemen, Syria, South Sudan, and Somalia. recently added a kidnapping risk indicator to Venezuela’s Travel Advisory. Los Cabos, Mexico, topped the annual ranking with a murder rate of 111.3 per 100,000 residents. American Citizens’ Services unit (ACS) cannot recommend a particular individual Be aware of the widespread theft of credit card data. Nationwide criminal developments in 2019 include that the state of Miranda now ranks as the most violent state in Venezuela, with Bolivar now in the second position. and airspace of Venezuela at altitudes below FL 260 by all U.S. air carriers The plague of killings There is fierce debate about exactly how many people are murdered in Venezuela, but all sources find sky-high rates. There is a deficit of skilled workers, particularly technicians, and many skilled workers have emigrated over the past four years. Maduro will also continue to prioritize settling outstanding debts with Russia and China, its main political supporters and commercial partners. (, The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration According to the World Bank's Doing Business 2020 report, Venezuela ranks the worst of 32 countries in the region when assessed on overall business environment, and bureaucratic steps required to start a business. Kidnappings also increased in the second half of the year, and it became common to demand ransom in foreign currency. Kidnappers are often well armed, with many even carrying grenades, which they use to force victims out of vehicles. they would seek to defeat the threats. The The continued presence of the ELN and Motorcyclists frequently weave in and out of lanes, passing on the right and the left, and driving into the oncoming lane to get around traffic congestion. ), violent crimes (being mugged or robbed, being attacked or insulted), corruption and other crimes. terrorist groups. What began as an economic recession in Venezuela has quickly escalated into a humanitarian crisis where one must fight to survive. It is common practice to ignore traffic lights, especially after dark. demonstrations wherever they occur. Cuidad Bolívar gets a lot of press, but not a lot of positive exposure. Low limits on ATMs issuing local currency mean that criminals are more likely to force their victims to hand over cash or valuables from their homes. It was my first time there and also read the negative things about Venezuela.I live in Miami and find it far worse here than Venezuela. concern. Venezuela murder/homicide rate for 2012 was 53.80, a 12.55% increase from 2011. Venezuela: measles/mumps/rubella (MMR); diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT); polio; Its epicenter was in the The main reasons for such a large emigration rate are due to political corruption and issues, the underdeveloped economy and the high rates of crime and diseases that are present in Venezuela. For all these reasons, the Embassy requires its property crimes, violent crimes, fraud, and kidnapping). The Capital District (1,290), Mérida (1,255), Táchira (1,128), and Bolívar (1,054) rounded out the top five. Avoid using airport taxis; taxi drivers and their accomplices have robbed or kidnapped several passengers, even when transferring between terminals. All travelers should consider yellow fever vaccination except those only visiting the following regions: Aragua, Carabobo, Miranda, Vargas, Yaracuy, Distrito Federal (including Caracas), the city of Valencia, and high-altitude areas. The customs system, the administration of foreign exchange, and other government entities are notoriously corrupt. Detention or Harassment. In recent elections, media outlets Nationwide criminal developments in 2019 include that the state of Miranda now ranks as the most violent state in Venezuela, with Bolivar now in the second position. Venezuela has one of the highest number of violent deaths in the region and in the world. The law also establishes women’s bureaus at local police headquarters and tribunals specializing in gender-based violence, and two-thirds of states have specialized courts. on the street, in parking lots). Review OSAC’s report, Security In Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights. Where it operates, the PNB is the first responder for major demonstrations and riots, as well as being responsible for traffic safety and patrolling major roads and highways. Those involved in an accident sometimes negotiate a settlement among themselves, or simply leave the scene, rather than wait for the police to arrive. Strongly The country has one of the top five highest per capita murder rates in the world. With a murder rate of 140 per 100,000 citizens, Venezuela’s capital Caracas has the highest murder rate in South America, only exceeded in the hemisphere by Mexico’s Ciudad Juarez. Do not use “libre” taxis or any taxis hailed on the street. Report any incident to the American Citizen Services (ACS) Unit at the U.S. Embassy in Bogotá at ACSBogota@state.gov. Speculation over the level of government support for such groups arises occasionally. CICPC has specialized units, similar to SWAT, responsible for dangerous arrests and hostage situations. thoroughfare causes major traffic disruptions, and can bring traffic to a near The document was compiled from various Overseas). Copyright piracy and trademark an effort to combat the rapidly rising crime rate. Don't go expecting justice if you are a victim of crime - only a very small percentage of crimes result in trials and convictions. The continued presence of the ELN and FARC in the border region between Venezuela and Colombia, and in Bolivar state, continues to be a serious concern. Satellite Phones: Critical or Contraband? Stopping at checkpoints is mandatory; prepare to show vehicle concluded that conditions in Venezuela threaten the safety and security of the government and provides protective details for government officials. Due to security concerns and continued activity of elements associated with dissident groups of the former Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and leftist guerrilla National Liberation Army (ELN), along with the presence of fuel smugglers and other organized criminal groups, U.S. Embassy employees did not travel within 50 miles of the 1,000-mile Venezuelan-Colombian border without prior authorization (before the embassy suspended operations). to flow through Venezuela to markets in the United States and Europe. Lack of OSAC encourages travelers to use this report to gain baseline knowledge of security conditions in Venezuela. Last year alone, Caracas had more violent deaths than Baghdad. Find further information on the FAA’s safety Review OSAC’s report, Surviving a Protest. Venezuela again remained on the Priority public gatherings during national and municipal elections. Criminals target ATMs to rob people making withdrawals. open sources and (U) embassy reporting. SEBIN and DGCIM (the military counterintelligence agency) also serves as the Venezuelan government’s civilian intelligence and counterintelligence agencies. cited in the report relate to questions about the consistency of domestic laws in Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights, Travel Advisory: Venezuela - Level 4 (Do Not Travel), Venezuela Benchmarking Survey Analysis: March 2019. Check with CDC or other sources According to the World Bank's. By the end of 2019, there was an increase in the number of predatory crimes again as well as extortion by criminal elements and government officials. Motorcyclists frequently weave in and out of lanes, Labor-related risks continue to impair the business environment. There is also evidence of involvement in the drug trade by some high-level Venezuelan government and military officials. Castillo, Lomas de Urdaneta, Propatria, Casalta, Lomas de Propatria, Carapita, of assistance, or those concerned about a U.S. citizen in Venezuela, should email However, the FAA notice, released based on the current When arriving on an incoming flight, set up a meeting Key concerns cited in the report relate to questions about the consistency of domestic laws and international obligations resulting from the 2008 reinstatement of the 1955 Industrial Property Law; the status of trademarks registered under the Andean Community law prior to Venezuela’s withdrawal from the Andean Community; and lack of enforcement against counterfeiting and piracy, both physical and online. Kidnapping remains a problem in municipalities near the border with Colombia, particularly in the states of Táchira and Zulia. the United States and Venezuela, after the Department of Homeland Security The Public Ministry’s Women’s Defense Department employs a team of lawyers, psychiatrists, and other experts who deal exclusively with cases of femicide, gender-related violence, and other crimes against women. Venezuela maintains a permissive environment that has allowed for support of activities that benefited known terrorist groups. Seeing a physician can be a trying experience, often requiring a several-hour wait. When arriving on an incoming flight, set up a meeting place inside the terminal where you can connect safely with the driver. ACSBogota@state.gov or VenezuelaEmergencyUSC@state.gov; is not always clear what they identify as the threats facing Chavismo, or how otherwise distributing OSAC-derived information in a manner inconsistent with this policy may result in the discontinuation of OSAC support. Many ATMs do not have cash. The CDC recommends that travelers to Venezuela have the Your session will expire soon and log you out. otherwise distributing OSAC-derived information in a manner inconsistent with this policy may result in the discontinuation of OSAC support. attempting to smuggle illegal drugs out of the country. are a common sight on Venezuelan roads, especially during inter-city trips. around traffic congestion. consider supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation (medevac). more information, review OSAC’s report, Checkpoints has specialized tactical units, as well as an explosive ordnance disposal more information, review OSAC’s report, Security Venezuela. The National Anti-drug Office (ONA) reports to the Ministry of Interior, Justice, and Peace, and provides counternarcotic intelligence and analysis support to various other Venezuelan law enforcement agencies. Business dealings with government officials are not ideal. Corruption, inadequate police training and equipment, insufficient central government funding, and rapidly deteriorating economic conditions dramatically reduce the effectiveness of the security forces. expansion. This: Dos and Don’ts for Photography, Security Venezuela remained on the Priority Watch List in the U.S. Trade Representative’s 2019 Special 301 Report. The FAA previously assessed the government of pirated goods. What the article didn’t mention is that Venezuela ranks 175th in the world on economic freedom, the lowest in South America behind only Cuba. kilometers around the epicenter of the quake, but none materialized. 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